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Chlorine

Solubility of chlorine in water


Reprinted from Chlorine Manual, the Chlorine Institute, 3rd ed. Data for graph from L. Winkler, Math. es. Term.; Ertesito 25 (1907).
Chlorine gas density


Data for graph from A.S. Ross and O. Maas, Canadian Journal of Research 18, Section B, 55-65 (1940).
Vapor pressure of liquid chlorine


Reprinted from Chlorine Manual, the Chlorine Institute, 3rd ed. 1959. Data for graph from R. Kapoor and J.J. Martin, Thermodynamic Properties of Chlorine, Eng. Res. Inst. Univ. of Michigan, 1957.
Temperature-density relation for liquid chlorine


Reprinted from Chlorine Manual, the Chlorine Institute, 3rd ed. 1959. Data for graph from R. Kapoor and J.J. Martin, Thermodynamic Properties of Chlorine, Eng. Res. Inst. Univ. of Michigan, 1957.
Latent heat of vaporization of liquid chlorine


Reprinted from J.S. Sconce, Chlorine: Its Manufacture, Properties and Uses, N.Y., Reinhold Publishing Corp., 1962, p. 32. Data for graph from M.J. Pellaton, J. Chem Phys. 13, 454 (1915).

Heat capacity of chlorine gas


H.M. Spencer and G.N. Flannagan, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 64, 2511 (1942).
Viscosity of chlorine


Reprinted from J.S. Sconce, Chlorine: Its Manufacture, Properties and Uses, N.Y., Reinhold Publishing Corp., 1962, p. 35. Data for graph from E.W.R. Steacie and F.M.G. Johnson, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 47, 756 (1925); R. Wobser and F. Muller, Kolloid-Beihefte 52, 162 (1941).

 
Technical data for chlorine
Molecular Weight
Carbon-12 scale 70.9061
Melting Point -100.98&degC2 (-149.8&degF)
Boiling Point, 760 mm Hg -34.05&degC2 (-29.3&degF)
Density of Dry Gas, 0&degC (32&degF) and 760 mm Hg
lb/cu.ft 0.20033
Density of Saturated Gas, 0&degC (32&degF) and 53.155 psia
lb/cu.ft 0.75373
Density of Liquid, 0&degC (32&degF) and 53.155 psia
lb/cu.ft 91.673
Viscosity of Gas, 20&degC (68&degF)
lb/sec./ft. 0.00000944
poises (gm/sec./cm) 0.0001404
Viscosity of Liquid, 20&degC (68&degF)
lb/sec./ft. 0.000234
poises (gm/sec./cm) 0.0035
Critical Density
lb/cu. ft. 35.775
Critical Pressure
psia 1118.365
Critical Temperature 144&degC5 (291.2&degF)
Critical Volume
Cu ft./lb 0.027965
Heat Fusion
Btu/lb 38.862
Latent Heat of Vaporization
Btu/lb 123.673
Specific Heat of Gas
Constant Pressure, Cp
Btu/lb/&degF, 50&degF - 100&degF 0.1153
Constant Volume, Cv
Btu/lb/&degF, 50&degF - 100&degF 0.08483
Ratio, Cp/Cv 1.355
Specific Heat of Liquid
Btu/lb/&degF, 50&degF - 75&degF 0.2266
Thermal Conductive of Gas
Btu/hr./sq.ft./&degF/ft., 32&degF 0.00427
132&degF 0.0049
Enthalpy, Btu/lb
Dry Gas, 0&degC (32&degF) and 14.696 psia 232.743
Saturated Gas, 0&degC (32&degF) and 53.155 psia 231.44
Liquid, 0&degC (32&degF) and 53.155 psia 116.39
Enthropy, Btu/lb/&degF
Dry Gas, 0&degC (32&degF) and 14.696 psia 0.739853
Saturated Gas, 0&degC (32&degF) and 53.155 psia 0.70222
Liquid, 0&degC (32&degF) and 53.155 psia 0.46823
Compressibility Coefficient of Liquid at 20&degC (68&degF)
%/atm. (0.0-98.7 atm.) 0.01188
(98.7-197.4 atm.) 0.0110
(197.4-296.0 atm) 0.0102
1E. Wickers, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 74 (1952)
2W.F. Giauque and T.M. Powell, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 61, 1970 (1939)
3R. Kapoor and J.J. Martin, "Thermodynamic Properties of Chlorine". Eng. Res. Inst. Univ. of Michigan 1957
4National Research Council International Critical Tables, N.Y., McGraw Hill Book Company, Volume 5 (1929) 5M. Pellaton, J. Chim. Phys. 13, 426 (1915), F.B. Rossini et all., U.S. Circular 500, National Bureau of Standards, 1952
6International Critical Tables, Volume 1 (1926)
7A. Eucken and G. Hoffman, Z. Physik. Chem. B5, 422 (1929). L. Ziegler, Chem. Ing. Tech. 22, 229 (1950)
8T.W. Richards and W.N. Stull, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 26, 408 (1904)

 
Properties of saturated chlorine (Base: Solid at 0° R or -459.58&degF)

Temperature
&degF
t
Pressure (Psi) Enthalpy (Btu per lb)
Absolute
P
Gage
P
Sat. Liq.
Hf
Vaporization
hfg
Sat. Vapor
hg
-50 8.603   98.28 126.26 224.54
-40 11.286   100.63 125.08 225.71
-30 14.442   102.98 123.91 226.89
-29.29 14.696 0.00 103.15 123.82 226.97
-20 18.338 3.64 105.33 122.60 227.93
-15 20.574 5.88 106.51 121.96 228.47
-10 23.015 8.42 107.68 121.30 228.98
-5 25.674 10.98 108.86 120.63 229.49
0 28.567 13.87 110.03 119.96 229.99
+5 31.703 17.01 111.21 119.26 230.47
10 35.098 20.40 112.38 118.57 230.95
15 38.766 24.07 113.56 117.86 231.42
20 42.719 28.02 114.73 117.15 231.88
25 46.713 32.02 115.91 116.43 232.34
30 51.193 36.50 117.08 115.69 232.77
35 55.999 41.30 118.26 114.95 233.21
40 61.146 46.45 119.43 114.19 233.63
45 66.649 51.95 120.61 113.43 234.04
50 72.523 57.83 121.78 112.65 234.43
55 78.786 64.09 122.96 111.85 234.81
60 85.452 70.76 124.13 111.06 235.19
65 92.540 77.84 125.31 110.26 235.57
70 100.07 85.37 126.48 109.44 235.92
75 108.04 93.34 127.66 108.63 236.29
80 116.49 101.79 128.83 107.78 236.61
85 125.42 110.72 129.99 106.88 236.87
90 134.85 120.15 131.15 105.88 237.03
95 144.80 130.10 132.31 104.98 237.29
100 157.09 142.39 133.47 104.04 237.51
110 177.95 163.25 135.79 101.95 237.74
120 202.95 188.25 138.11 99.82 237.93
130 230.43 215.73 140.43 97.52 237.95
140 260.51 245.81 142.75 95.38 238.13
150 293.34 278.64 145.11 92.94 238.05
160 329.03 314.33 147.55 90.23 237.78
170 363.73 353.03 150.11 87.76 237.87
180 409.52 394.82 152.83 84.77 237.60
190 454.55 439.85 155.74 81.72 237.46
200 502.93 488.23 158.88 78.31 237.19
210 554.79 540.09 162.29 74.83 237.12
220 610.21 595.51 166.01 70.90 236.91
230 669.31 654.61 170.11 66.73 236.84
240 732.17 717.47 174.70 62.10 236.80
250 798.93 784.23 179.93 56.83 236.76
260 869.62 854.92 185.99 50.71 236.70
270 944.38 929.68 193.09 43.53 236.62
280 1023.3 1008.6 201.48 33.64 235.64
290 1106.3 1091.6 211.45 12.44 223.89
291.2 1153.93 1139.24 218.34 0.00 218.34
From R.E. Hulme and A.B. Tillman, Chem. Eng. 56. 101 (Jan, 1949).


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